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August 20, 2011
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Heirs of Roman Empire by CaptainVoda Heirs of Roman Empire by CaptainVoda
Charlemagne, the founder of the Holy Roman Empire, was crowned "Emperor of the Romans" in Christmas of 800 AD by Pope Leo III.

So we have two "Emperors of the Romans" coexisting in the Medieval Europe. The Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and the Emperor of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire.

Summarizing we can see a German and a Greek king calling themselves Romans only to gain the imperial inheritance of the Roman Empire.
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MarcelMueller Featured By Owner Aug 19, 2014  Hobbyist Artist
saracennegative Featured By Owner May 19, 2014  Student
and Empire Trebizond to 1461.
Claudius42 Featured By Owner Mar 29, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
I was inspired by this flag to make my own. The Color scheme is similar but the union is different. I call it the Russo-Roman Empire.…
K-aybars Featured By Owner Dec 3, 2012  Student Interface Designer
Well actually Byzantium is not inheritor of the Roman Empire, because it is the Roman Empire herself. Also it's name was never Byzantium it was Imperium Romanum or Vasilleia twn Romaiwn.
CaptainVoda Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
Exactly. You spoke the truth.
MacX85 Featured By Owner Dec 5, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
Very right.

Mind you that emperor Constantine made Constantinople the capital of the Roman Empire. Well the Western half grew more and more unimportant and eventually sacked by Germanic tribes the Easter half kept its Roman identity for another millenium.
The Ottomans ended the Roman Empire with the sacking of Constantinople.

The Holy Roman Empire wasn't even believed to be the Roman Empire in Europe. While the German-Roman emperor had a fancy title he wasn't seen anything special by most other European kings.
K-aybars Featured By Owner Dec 5, 2012  Student Interface Designer
Indeed. :)
GGY128 Featured By Owner Jun 18, 2012
The world had three Roman heirs:

-the eastern roman empire (first called byzantine by German historian Hieronymus Wolf in 1557)

- the Holy Roman Empire (Imperium Romanum Sacrum Germanicæ, Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation), in a certain way it´s a legitime heir because it was a Rome´s leader who crown Charlemagne as emperor of the romans

-The last heir was Russia Ivan III of Russia who had married Sophia Paleologue. Sophia was a niece of Constantine XI, the last Byzantine emperor

In my opinion byzantine empire was the true heir of the eastern half of the empire, but the heir of the other half was HRE

Why HRE, it was Rome choice to crown Charlemagne king of romans so it was not a self claimed title

After that , for a long time, Kaisers were crown king of the Germans, King of Italy and king of the Romans only after that process they were called emperor (Caesar,Kaiser)

Another reason its translatio imperii were a victorious nation took the title of the defeated so if Germans defeated the romans, the Germans by Translatio imperii are the successor of “Caesar” title

In my opinion Russia is not an heir

That is why tzar comes from the word caesar, before Ivan III the title of the Russian imperator was not tzar, Kaiser also comes from the word caesar

Sorry for my lame English
Spiritswriter123 Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
We also have the Romanovs, (Romanov is russian for 'Son of Roman), making them also a legit heir.
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